Getting started

To get started with Pybatfish, you will need a network snapshot. An example snapshot is packaged with Pybatfish (link) and can be used to step through the example below. Alternatively, you can package a snapshot of your own network as described here.

The following instructions show how to upload and query a network snapshot using Pybatfish in an interactive python shell like IPython. In these instructions, we assumed that Batfish is running on the same machine as Pybatfish, and the example snapshot included with Pybatfish is being analyzed.

  1. Import Pybatfish:
>>> from pybatfish.client.commands import *
>>> from pybatfish.question.question import load_questions, list_questions
>>> from pybatfish.question import bfq
  1. Load the question templates from the Batfish service into Pybatfish:
>>> load_questions()

4. Upload a network snapshot (you’ll see some log messages followed by the name of initialized snapshot):

>>> bf_set_network('ex-net')
>>> bf_init_snapshot('jupyter_notebooks/networks/example', name='ex-net-timestamp')

Here, an example network that is part of the Pybatfish GitHub repo is being uploaded. In general, this location is a folder or a zip containing a network snapshot. See instructions for packaging snapshots.

5. Ask a question about the snapshot, using one of the loaded templates (bfq holds the questions currently loaded in Pybatfish). For example here, the question IPOwners fetches the mapping between IP address, interface, node and VRF for all devices in the network. :

>>> ip_owners_ans = bfq.ipOwners().answer()

answer() runs the question and returns the answer in a JSON format. See the Batfish questions directory for the set of questions that can be asked and their parameters.

6. To print the answer in a nice table, call frame() which wraps the answer as pandas dataframe. Calling head() on the dataframe will print the first 5 rows:

>>> ip_owners_ans.frame().head()
         Node      VRF           Interface          IP Mask Active
0    as2dist2  default           Loopback0   32   True
1    as2dist1  default           Loopback0   32   True
2    as2dept1  default  GigabitEthernet1/0   24   True
3    as2dept1  default           Loopback0   32   True
4  as3border2  default  GigabitEthernet1/0   24   True

7. Next, let’s ask a question about interfaces. For example, to see all prefixes present on the interface GigabitEthernet0/0 of the node as1border1 we can use the interfaceProperties question like below:

>>> iface_ans = bfq.interfaceProperties(nodes='as1border1', interfaces='GigabitEthernet0/0', properties='all_prefixes').answer()
>>> iface_ans
                            Interface     All_Prefixes
    0  as1border1[GigabitEthernet0/0]  [u'']

For additional and more in-depth examples, check out the Jupyter Notebooks.